What Are Severe Allergic Reactions?
Anaphylaxis is the technical term used in the medical community for these allergic reactions that occupy the extreme end of the allergy spectrum. In a nutshell, these are the worst kinds of allergies because they can be life-threatening. The most common symptoms include difficulty in breathing because of blocked air passages, fainting, dizziness, blood pressure that is dropping rapidly, and swelling rashes in the skin. What’s scary about this type of allergy is that there is no way of knowing if you have it until you’ve been exposed to the antigen which can either be foods, insect stings, latex, or medications.
4 Important things you should know about severe allergies
1. Signs of severe allergic reactions
There are several signs that you are having a severe allegic reaction to an antigen. These signs include the following: swelling of your throat or tongue, difficulty in swallowing or speaking, sudden voice changes, persistent coughing or wheezing, vomiting, nausea, stomach cramps, a sense of impending doom, and loss of consciousness. If you are experiencing these signs, it’s highly recommended that you seek medical assistance as quickly as possible. Many of the fatalities of anaphylaxis perished because they were brought to a hospital or clinic too late.
2. Susceptability to allergy
Some people are more susceptible to these severe allergic reactions. The research data is not yet very clear, but someone who meets any of the following criteria is in a bigger risk of being afflicted with the condition: has a history of anaphylactic reaction, is suffering from asthma attacks, has some type of cardiovascular disease, and has a very sensitive skin.
3. Treatment for allergic reactions
The condition requires immediate medical treatment. As was mentioned earlier, if the allergic reaction isn’t treated as quickly as possible, it can turn fatal. Usually, the first line of defense is an injection of epinephrine which is administered to the thigh. This is why people with a history of anaphylaxis are often advised always to carry inject-able epinephrine with them. After being injected with the medication, the person should be immediately brought to the emergency room for additional treatment.
4. Advise to allergic people
Even if a person gets better after an injection of epinephrine, this doesn’t necessarily mean that he’s out of trouble. It’s always advisable that you bring him to a hospital to make sure that the severe reaction won’t return.
Severe allergic reactions can be deadly which is why sufferers are advised to seek medical attention the moment they notice any of the symptoms. In addition, sufferers should also carry with them inject-able epinephrine at all times so that they’ll have a first line of treatment when an allergic reaction sets in.